Nikon D40 Design, Features And Specification Review

The Nikon D40 is an all new cost-effective, lightweight, point-and-shoot electronic SLR from Nikon, it follows on from the D50 but at a lot discounted and with a slightly different set of features. The greatest information however is probably reality that Nikon opposed the enticement to keep pursuing mega pixels (hooray for that) and instead appear to have focused on the thing that creates a excellent electronic camera, a excellent viewfinder, brief shutter lag, very brief viewfinder darkening. They’ve reduce some of the ‘less essential features’ (you can’t modify the visibility actions for example) but have packed a variety of new functions such as customized Automatic ISO which we accepted with the D80.

Nikon D40 Review
Nikon D40 Review

Key Features

  • 6 mega-pixel DX structure CCD (1.5x FOV plants, as D50)
  • Nikon Image handling motor (as D80 / D200)
  • 3D Shade Matrix Metering II, 420 pixel indicator (as D80 / D50)
  • New Multi-CAM530 three place AF sensor
  • ISO understanding variety 200 – 1600 plus HI 1 (3200 equiv.)
  • Custom Automatic ISO (selectable highest possible ISO, lowest shutter speed)
  • 2.5 fps ongoing capturing (as D50), endless in JPEG
  • No position LCD, new LCD observe centered position / configurations screens
  • Help recommendations on LCD observe (eg. field black colored, try using flash)
  • Large 2.5″ 230,000 pixel LCD monitor
  • Bigger viewfinder perspective (x0.8 zoom, 95% coverage)
  • Short shutter lag and viewfinder blackout
  • Support for SDHC (SD bank cards over 2 GB in capacity)
  • USB 2.0 with PTP and Huge Hard drive support
  • Improved selection customer interface (as D80 / D200)
  • New EN-EL9 Lithium-Ion battery power (7.2V, 1000 mAh)
  • New ‘Version II’ AF-S DX 18-55 mm kit lens

Nikon D40 Body And Design

The D40 becomes the most lightweight Nikon electronic SLR to date, it’s slimmer in all guidelines and yet preserves a comfortable hold and durable ‘quality feel’ development. The a little bit curved top and ends give the electronic camera a considerably better overall look, perhaps more appropriate to the first time SLR market. Described previously despite being very a bit smaller than the Cannon EOS 400D (Digital Insurgent XTi) the D40 does not bargain comfort or ergonomics with a properly scaled hand hold and cautious back casting. The back of the electronic camera is taken over by the 2.5″ LCD observe which now enhances as a electronic camera position display as well as the normal picture review and choices.

Nikon D40 Design
Nikon D40 Design

Viewfinder view

The picture below symbolizes an example viewfinder perspective (apart from the position bar which has all information shown for illustrative purposes).

Nikon D40 Design
Nikon D40 Design

Battery Compartment

The battery power section is installed back to front side in the platform of the side hold, turn the small capture to the right and the entrance falls start. A level has been remaining in the entrance for the not compulsory phony battery power AC adaptor.

Battery and Charger

The D40 has a new light lightweight battery power, the EN-EL9 is a Lithium-Ion with a potential of 1000 mAh at 7.4 V (7.4 Wh). Battery expenses in the new MH-23 battery charger which takes around 1 hour Half an hour to cost from completely smooth.

Nikon D40 Features

Overall tone (contrast) adjustment

Adjusting a bad changes the form of the ‘S curve’ used to map the straight line picture information taken by the indicator into the correct gamma. A lower comparison establishing preserves more of the unique data’s powerful variety but results in a slimmer looking picture. A higher comparison establishing extends the black and white (dark to light) of the picture and could lead to cutting of both darkness details and features. The D40’s variety of comparison modification doesn’t really provide enough permission or a good number of actions.

Shade vividness adjustment

Saturation modification allows you to management the durability of color in the last picture. Unfortunately the variety of modification is so little that it’s almost useless offering this choice, we need at least two stages of modification either part of ‘normal’ with a broader permission of distinction between each phase than this.

Shade hue adjustment

The hue modification establishing allows you to create some simple changes to the hue outcome of the picture, it is useful for settlement of hue changes due to certain synthetic mild, a damaging establishing creates color appear more blue-ish, a confident establishing creates color appear more yellow-colored. The D40 provides a variety of -9° to +9° hue move.

Nikon D40 Images Quality

RAW headroom

Experience has informed us that there is commonly around 1 EV (one stop) more details available at the emphasize end in RAW details and that a damaging electronic visibility settlement when transforming such details can restore details missing to over-exposure. We normally use Adobe Digital camera RAW for this evaluation however as, at the time of penning this evaluation.

Nikon D40 Images Quality
Nikon D40 Images Quality

Shade reproduction

Here you can see a produced GretagMacbeth ColorChecker graph, position your rabbit over any of the brands below it to see along with duplication in that method. The D40’s standard color duplication can be described please as ‘consumer friendly’, it’s certainly extremely soaked with a particularly powerful reaction to doldrums and veggies, this is because automatically the D40 uses color method IIIa (intended for landscapes). Those preferring a more fairly neutral color stability can of course make a customized predetermined pick color method Ia.


Nikon D40 Images Quality
Nikon D40 Images Quality


Overall display performance was good, perhaps a little under-exposed in our skin-tone image test taken but this at least prevents forcing epidermis shade too far. No sign of any metering, white balance or shade throw problems in our shade graph taken.

Powerful Range

Our new Powerful Variety statistic system includes capturing a adjusted Stouffer Phase Pitching wedge. A single taken of this generates a greyish range wedge from (the cameras) dark to attached white-colored.

Nikon D40 Specifications

Kit price US: $599
EU: €699
UK: £449
(with AF-S DX 18-55 mm lens)
Body color Black or Silver
Sensor • 23.7 x 15.6 mm CCD sensor
• Nikon DX format (1.5x FOV crop)
• 6.1 million effective pixels
• 6.2 million total pixels
• RGB Color Filter Array
• 12-bit A/D converter
Image sizes • 3008 x 2000 (Large, 6 MP)
• 2256 x 1496 (Medium, 3.4 MP)
• 1504 x 1000 (Small, 1.5 MP)
Image quality • NEF (12-bit compressed RAW)
• NEF (RAW) + JPEG basic
Color space • IIIa (sRGB – more green for colourful landscapes) default
• Ia (sRGB)
• II (Adobe RGB)
Lens mount Nikon F mount (with AF contacts)
Lens compatibility Type G or D AF Nikkor

• AF-S, AF-I
• Other Type G or D AF Nikkor
• PC Micro-Nikkor 85mm f/2.8D• Other AF Nikkor*2/AI-P Nikkor

• Non-CPU

• IX Nikkor

– All functions supported
– All functions supported except autofocus
– Can only be used in mode M; all other functions supported except autofocus
– All functions supported except autofocus and 3D Color Matrix Metering II
– Can not be used
Autofocus * • Three area TTL phase detection
• Nikon Multi-CAM530 autofocus module
• Only with AF-S or AF-I lenses
• Detection range: EV -1 to +19 (ISO 100 equivalent, at normal temperature)
Lens servo • Single-servo AF (AF-S)
• Continuous-servo AF (AF-C)
• Automatic AF-S/AF-C (AF-A)
• Manual focus (M)
AF Area mode • Single Area AF
• Dynamic Area AF
• Closest Subject Priority Dynamic Area AF
Focus tracking Predictive focus tracking automatically activated according to subject status in continuous-servo AF
Focus area * One of three areas can be selected
Focus lock Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF) or by pressing AE-L/AF-L button
AF Assist White light lamp
Exposure mode • Digital Vari-program
– Auto
– Flash off *
– Portrait
– Landscape
– Child
– Sports
– Close up
– Night portrait
• Programmed auto (P) with flexible program
• Shutter-priority auto (S)
• Aperture priority auto (A)
• Manual (M)
Metering TTL full-aperture exposure metering system
• 3D color matrix metering II
• 420 segment RGB sensor
• Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to a 8mm circle in center of frame
• Spot: Meters 3.5 mm circle (about 2.5% of frame) centered on active focus area
Metering range • EV 0 to 20 (3D color matrix or center-weighted metering)
• EV 2 to 20 (spot metering) (ISO 100 equivalent, f/1.4 lens, 20 °C)
Meter coupling CPU coupling
Exposure compen. * • +/- 5.0 EV
• 1/3 EV steps
AE Lock Exposure locked at detected value with AE-L/AF-L button
AE Bracketing * None
Sensitivity • Auto
Auto ISO options * • On/Off
• Maximum ISO (400, 800 or 1600)
• Minimum shutter speed (1 to 1/125 sec)
Shutter • Combined mechanical and CCD electronic shutter
• 30 to 1/4000 sec (1/3 EV steps)
• Flash X-Sync: up to 1/500 sec
• Bulb
White balance • Auto (TTL white-balance with 420 pixels RGB sensor)
• Six manual modes with fine-tuning
• Preset white balance (immediate or from photo)
WB fine tuning Yes *
Image parameters • Preset modes: Normal, Softer, Vivid, More Vivid, Portrait, B&W *
• Sharpening: Auto, 6 levels
• Tone: Auto, 5 levels, Custom curve
• Color mode: Ia (sRGB), II (Adobe RGB), IIIa (sRGB)
• Saturation: Auto, 3 levels
• Hue: -9° to +9°
Viewfinder * • Optical fixed eye-level
• Penta-mirror type
• Built-in diopter adjustment (-1.7 to +0.5 m-1)
• Eyepoint: 18 mm (at -1.0 m-1)
• Frame coverage 95% (approx.)
• Viewfinder magnification approx. 0.8x with 50mm lens at infinity; -1.0 m-1
• Focusing screen: Type B BriteView clear matte screen Mark V with superimposed focus brackets
Viewfinder information Focus indications, AE/FV lock indicator, Shutter speed, Aperture value, Exposure/Exposure compensation indicator, Exposure mode, Flash output level compensation, Exposure compensation, Number of remaining exposures, Flash-ready indicator
LCD monitor * • 2.5″ TFT LCD
• 230,000 pixel
Built-in flash * • Auto pop-up in Auto, Vari-program modes
• Manual pop-up in P, S, A or M modes
• Guide number approx. 17 at ISO 200
Sync contact X-contact only; flash synchronization at shutter speeds of up to 1/500 sec
Flash control * • Auto aperture with SB-800 and CPU lenses
• Non-TTL auto with SB-800, 80DX, 28DX, 28, 27 and 22s
• Range-priority manual with SB-800
Flash mode * • Auto, Portrait, Child, Close-up: Auto, auto with red-eye reduction; fill-flash and red-eye reduction available with optional Speedlight
• Night portrait: Auto, auto slow sync, auto slow sync with red-eye reduction; slow sync and slow sync with red-eye reduction available with optional Speedlight
• Landscape, Sports: Fill-flash and red-eye reduction available with optional Speedlight
• P, A modes: Fill flash, rear-curtain with slow sync, slow sync, slow sync with red-eye reduction, red-eye reduction
• S, M modes: Fill flash, rear-curtain sync, red-eye reduction
Flash compensation • -3 to +1 EV
• 1/3 steps
Nikon Creative Lighting system Supported with built-in flash, SB-400, SB-800, and SB-600; Advanced Wireless Lighting supported with SB-800 or SU-800 as Commander.
Shooting modes • Single frame shooting (S) mode
• Continuous shooting (C) mode: approx. 2.5 frame per second (1 fps with HI 1 sensitivity)
• Self-timer/remote control mode.
Continuous buffer * • JPEG: Limited only by storage
• RAW: Approx. 9 frames (shooting continues at a slower rate)
Self-timer • 2, 5, 10 or 20 sec
Remote control • Remote Control ML-L3 (optional, Infrared)
• Camera Control Pro software (optional)
Playback functions • Full frame
• Thumbnail (4 or 9 segments)
• Zoom (magnified)
• Slideshow
• Histogram indication
• Shooting data
• Highlight point display
• Auto image rotation
Orientation sensor Yes
Storage * • Secure Digital / Secure Digital HC
• FAT / FAT32
• Supports firmware update via SD card
Video output NTSC or PAL selectable
Connectivity • USB 2.0 (Hi-Speed)
• Mass storage / PTP selectable
• Video out
• DC-IN (optional AC adapter and adapter connector)
Languages * Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish
Power * Lithium-Ion battery pack EN-EL9 (7.4 V, 1000 mAh)
Working environment • 0 to 40°C (32 to 104°F)
• Less than 85% humidity
Dimensions * 126 x 94 x 64 mm (5.0 x 3.7 x 2.5 in)
Weight (no batt) * 471 g (1.0 lb)
Weight (inc. batt) * 522 g (1.2 lb)